In the so much-off past, our ancestors survived by foraging and gathering materials from plants, then chasing down animals for 3 meals a day. Around 12,000 years ago, people began trying their hand at farming: planting collected seeds, harvesting them, and selecting successful crops. Therefore, there is no doubt that farming is one of the most important transitions in human history. Let’s discover the enormous benefits of farming from the early days until today in my article below.
Benefits of farming
Farming is an amazing opportunity to create civilizations, fight hunger, and work to battle challenges in population growth and climate change.
In early days
The earliest farmers lived in the Fertile Crescent. At first, they grew wild varieties of crops like peas, lentils, and primitive varieties of wheat and herded wild animals like goats and oxen. Centuries later, people switched to farming full time by domesticating cereals, fruits, vegetables, and animals as well as creating new varieties and breeds.
Instead of traveling to find food, farming encouraged people to make permanent homes and formed a settled lifestyle. Furthermore, farming also helped to preserve many species selected for their high nutrient content and dependable harvests. The constant food supply gradually kept people from starving, and result in rapid growth in population around the world.
With the invention of rail transportation in the 19th century, a shift in farming methods took hold. An emphasis on producing high yields of several kinds of reliable grain led to a reduction in global hunger.
These days, farming primarily relies on global trade. It is predictable that the total world population will reach 10 billion by 2050, farming is poised to continue growth to meet the demand for food.
More than two-thirds of the population in developing countries work in agriculture. Therefore, agriculture can help reduce poverty by nearly 75% of the world’s poor, who live in rural areas and work largely in farming. Farming creates more jobs for farmers, farm equipment makers, food processing plants, transportation, infrastructure, and manufacturing. The more local farming activity rises, the more plenty of jobs available in this field.
Modern farming relies mainly on a few crops inviting challenges, climate change, and the potential for harvest failures. Consequently, new farming endeavors guarantee to tackle the opposing problems of environment, malnutrition, and obesity.
Many farms have been adopted more environmentally friendly practices to reduce environmental degradation, protect local ecological systems while securing the needs for food and water. Sustainable farming methods create better food diversity, preserve soil and water with effective facilities and drought-tolerant crop species, and ensure livestock health.
Organic farming can be a pathway to address sustainable food supplies. Organic farmers enhance soil fertility by rotating crops, incorporating cover crops, and tilling the soil. Plus, they use green manure in place of pesticides and chemicals to allow groundwater to maintain better quality and cleanliness. Additionally, this method is also able to protect humans from exposure to pathogens, toxins, and other hazardous pollutants.
These methods can not only increase the biodiversity of the area, promote economic stability for farms but also help farmers to have better life quality.
Improving the communities
Farming is a great way to expand the markets of farmers.
Farmers’ markets enable small farmers the opportunity to develop a personal relationship with their customers and cultivate their loyalty. Also, localizing produce helps the food system remain within the local economy as well as reduces the price of food by eliminating the middleman.
Consumers advantage from healthier food options, while farmers advantage from opportunities to sell their crops. Besides, local farming cuts down on the huge amount of fossil fuel consumption necessary for transportation and selling.
In addition to creating earnings from product sales and sustaining the country’s economy, farming can make landscapes that appeal to tourists to a location. What is more, scenic trails and surroundings invite families, friends, and tourists to explore the community together and strengthen their relationships with their food, their farmers, and themselves.
Last but not least, farming provides students with hands-on, fun learning opportunities through observing, analyzing, and trying to raise their own plants. Farmers can interact with them and improve the communities they serve.
Food is one of the basic needs of mankind, hence farming has contributed hugely to human life since the early days, at the present and in the future. Although the farming form has changed significantly, it still remains very important because of the incredible amount of benefits of farming in society, economics, environment, and education.